Breed Standard

UK BREED STANDARD

General Appearance
Medium size, sturdy, muscular, with fine bone. Square in outline. Head carried proudly. Upright ears, with the top third bending forwards are a breed feature. Coat of medium length and wavy or forming curls. Bushy tail curling high over the croup.

Characteristics
Herding dog, with terrier traits. Well developed scenting ability. Excellent companion and active sporting dog.

Temperament
Lively, expressive, bold, a little suspicious of strangers, but never aggressive or overly shy. Somewhat vocal and always ready for action.

Head and Skull
Comparatively long, narrow head characterised by elongated muzzle. Muzzle must not be less than 40% of the total length of head: ideally 45%. When viewed from the front, the top of the skull is relatively broad and slightly domed. The long forehead is only slightly domed and flat seen from the side.
Skull and foreface in an almost straight line with a barely perceptible stop. Fairly narrow foreface, tapering towards nose and finishing bluntly. Bridge of the nose is straight. Nose black in all coat colours.

Eyes
Set moderately wide apart and slightly oblique. Medium size, oval, dark brown with lively, intelligent expression. Eyelids tight fitting with dark pigment.

Ears
Set on high, upper third bending forward. Well coated, medium sized, erect, triangular and pointed. Mobile, showing alertness and sensitivity.

Mouth
Jaws and teeth strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth. Roof uniformly dark or variegated with deep pigmented spots on dark base. Lips tight fitting and darkly pigmented.

Neck
Medium length, slightly arched and well muscled. The skin of the throat is tight, without loose skin.

Forequarters
Shoulders long and well laid. Withers prominent, positioned directly above deepest point of brisket. Upper arm sloping well back to close fitting elbows, with long, lean forearm and fairly straight pasterns. Forelegs straight, long and lean, and set well under body, not too wide apart.

Body
Lean with well developed muscles. Top line level. Back short, straight and taut. Loin short, straight and firmly coupled. Croup short and slightly sloping. Fore chest not broad, and rather deep, reaching to the elbows. Belly tight and tucked up towards rear. Ribs only slightly rounded, tending to flat. Body length, measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock equal to height at the withers.

Hindquarters
Hind legs strong and powerful. Moderately angulated, without exaggeration. Seen from the side they extend slightly beyond the point of buttock. Viewed from behind, they are parallel, straight and stand neither too wide nor too narrow. Muscular upper thigh. Long, dry lower thigh. Lean, well- defined, low set hocks

Feet
Rounded cat feet with well-knit toes and well-cushioned pads. Nails strong, black or slate grey.

Tail
Set on high, upright, and curls forming a circle towards the croup. Not hanging or lying across the croup. Hair on underside of tail is long [7-12cms (3-5 ins)], wiry, standing off with little undercoat.

Gait/Movement
Light, lively and spirited. Short-striding, energetic and balanced. Places the hindfeet into the footprints of the forefeet.

Coat
Wavy or curly. Elastic, shaggy and dense, consisting of a strong, crisp but not coarse top coat, and a soft undercoat. Length 4-7 cms (11⁄2- 3 ins). Never smooth, corded or matted.
Dense, wiry, slightly longer protective hairs on the ears. Eyes and foreface free from longer hair. Coat prepared by hand on the back; some scissoring on rest of body, head and legs. Coat must retain its natural appearance and not be overtrimmed.

Colour
Grey – in various shades (normally born black and fading with age).
Black
White – must be intense and solid
Fawn – (known as fako in its country of origin). Primary colours of red, yellow, cream (a trace of black or grey and a distinct mask are desirable).
A white mark on the chest, less than 3 cm (11⁄4 inches) in diameter and / or white hairs on the toes are permissible. Skin, in all coat colours, should be well pigmented and black or slate grey.

Size
Dogs: Height 43 – 45 cms (17 – 173⁄4 ins) with a tolerance of 2 cms (3⁄4 in) either side; Weight: 12 – 13 kgs (261⁄2 – 283⁄4 lbs) with a tolerance of 2 kgs (41⁄2 lbs) either side.
Bitches: Height 40 – 42 cms (153⁄4 – 161⁄2 ins) with a tolerance of 2 cms (3⁄4 in) either side; Weight 10 – 11 kgs (22 – 241⁄4 Ibs) with a tolerance of 2 kgs (41⁄2 lbs) either side.

 

Faults
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

Note
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.